FACTS ABOUT THE CAL

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                Caliente unrepping a carrier and a destroyer                 Jack Hughes (RMC - 1970 - 1972) and Jim Niquette (BM3 - 1950 - 1954)
                                                                           Cal Plaque, Fredericksberg, TX
 
 
HISTORY OF THE USS CALIENTE 
 
  • Laid down as a Maritime Commission type (T3 S2-A3) hull, under Maritime Commission contract, MC Hull 71g, at Bethlehem Steel Shipyard, Sparrows, Maryland
  • Launched 25 August 1943
  • Sponsored Helen Essary
  • Commissioned as the USS Caliente (AO-53) 12 October 1943
  • Decommissioned 15 December 197, Berth 63, Pier 6, U.S. Naval Shipyard, Long Beach, California
  • Struck from the Naval Register 15 December 1973
  • Transferred to the Maritime Commission for lay up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet
  • Final Disposition, disposed of by the Maritime Administration (MARAD) by sale to National Metal & Steel Corp, 691 New Dock St. Terminal Island, California on 5 April 1974 for $426,819.01 - Ultimate fate unknown
  • USS Caliente received 10 battle stars during Worl War II, four battle stars during the Korean War and eight combat campaign ribbons during the Vietnam War.  The cal aslo received the Meritorious Unit Commendation, Battle Efficiency "E" and the green "C" for Communications Excellence.
  • Reference; a) Department of the Navy Historical Center, Washington, Navy Yard, Washington, D.C. b) Fleet Disposal Branch Division of Reserve Fleet Maritime Administration 8 April 1974
 
BATTLE STARS AND CAMPAIGN STARS
 

 
 
WORLD WAR II
 
Marshall Island Opertions - Spring 1944                       Asiatic-Pacific Raids - Spring 1944
 
Hollandia Operation - Spring 1944                                 Marianas Operation - Summer 1944
 
Tinian Capture and Operation - Summer 1944            Western Caroline Islands Operation Summer/Fall 1944
 
Leyte Operations - Fall 1944                                            Luzon Operation - Winter 1944/1945
 
Okinawa Gunto Operation - Summer 1945                    3rd Fleet Operations Against Japan - Summer 1945
 
KOREAN WAR
 
Communist China Spring Offensive                                 UN Summer/Fall Offensive
 
Korean Defense - Summer/Fall 1952                                 Korea - Summer/Fall 1953
 
VIETNAM
 
              Vietnam Defense                                        Tet Counteroffensive
 
Vietnamese Counteroffensive - Phase IV                          Vietnamese Counteroffensive - Phase V
 
Tet/69 Counteroffensive                                                 Vietnam - Summer/Fall 1969
 
Sanctuary Counteroffensive                                   Vietnamese Ceasefire

 
 
CLASS AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
 
Class and type;  Cimarron-class oiler

Displacement:  7,236 long tons/8,104 American tons light and 25,440 tons/28,493 American tons loaded

Length: 553 feet           Beam:  75 Feet,            Draft 32 feet
 
Propulsion Geared turbines, twin screws
 
Speed: 18 knots (21 miles per hour
 
Armament:  One 5" 38 caliber gun; Four  3" 50 caliber guns; Four twin 40mm AA guns and Four twin 20mm AA guns - All but the Four 3" 50 caliber guns were removed from the CAl in the late 1950's

REFUELING CAPACITY
 
The USS Caliente carried approximately 4,000,000 gallons of Navy Standard Fuel Oil (NSFO), 1,500,000 gallons of jet fuel (JP-5) and 500,000 gallons of aviation fuel (Avgas).  With that amount of volatile fuel and all the other activities taking place during ship to ship replenishment (unrep) the crew of the Cal had to maintain absolute vigilance to avoid dire consequences. While not a "glamorous" ,an of war, during the three wars she served in, the USS Caliente was critical to the wars' efforts.  She enabled U.S. ground, air and sea service personnel to maintain battle readiness by supplying them with vital fuel and other supplies.  During peace she provided the same support to the fleet ensuring our countries' readiness for any occurrence.  All the Cal's crews, from 1943 to 1973, served=d our country with the utmost of dedication and pride.  If the Cal was unrepping an entire carrier group the carrier would be along the port (left) side of the cal and the other other members of the carrier group would come along the starboard (right) side of the Cal.  As the other ships in the group come and go the carrier would remain on station with the Cal  the entire unrep.  After unrepping a carrier group the Cal was very often empty and liberty was at hand for the crew in the next refueling port - usually Subic Bay, (Olangapo) in the Phillipines or Kaoshung in Tawain.  On one of the unreps in 1965 the Cal set a fleet record by pumping record more barrels (42 to the gallons) of oil in an hour than any other oiler..